Acute Kidney Disease

What is Acute kidney Disease?

Acute Kidney Injury is a sudden and rapid decline in kidney function that occurs over a short period of time, usually within hours to days. It is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention.

There are various potential causes of Acute Kidney Injury, including:

  1. Dehydration: Insufficient fluid intake or fluid loss can lead to reduced blood flow to the kidneys, impairing their function.

  2. Kidney Obstruction: Blockages in the urinary tract can prevent urine from being excreted properly, causing pressure and damage to the kidneys.

  3. Low Blood Pressure: A sudden drop in blood pressure (hypotension) can reduce blood flow to the kidneys.

  4. Medications and Toxins: Certain medications, contrast agents used in imaging studies, and toxins can harm the kidneys.

  5. Infections: Serious infections, like sepsis, can damage the kidneys due to the body’s inflammatory response.

  6. Autoimmune Diseases: Conditions like vasculitis and lupus can affect the kidneys.

  7. Blood Clots: Blood clots can block blood flow to the kidneys, leading to injury.

  8. Conditions affecting the kidneys directly: Such as glomerulonephritis or acute interstitial nephritis.

 

What are the signs and symptoms of acute kidney disease?

  • Symptoms of Acute Kidney Injury may include decreased urine output, fluid retention (swelling in legs, ankles, or around the eyes), fatigue, confusion, nausea, and shortness of breath.
  • Diagnosis is made based on blood and urine tests to assess kidney function, imaging studies, and determining the underlying cause.
  • Treatment will depend on the cause and severity of AKI but may involve addressing the underlying condition, managing fluid and electrolyte balance, and sometimes requiring temporary dialysis to help the kidneys recover.
  • It’s essential to seek immediate medical attention if you suspect you or someone else may have Acute Kidney Injury, as early diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve outcomes.
 

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